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What’s the difference between AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning?

Uwais Iqbal2022-11-01


Is there a difference between AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning? Or do they all just refer to the same thing?

The words AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning tend to get thrown around a lot. So much so that they have become buzzwords and don't really hold much meaning anymore. Everyone seems to be doing AI, but many folks don’t actually know what it means.

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is a technique that leverages computers and machines to replicate the problem-solving and decision-making capabilities of the human mind.

What is Machine Learning (ML)?

Machine learning (ML) is a branch of AI that uses data and algorithms to enable machines to learn how to perform specific tasks as a human would do. There are AI systems that don't involve ML such as systems that use symbolic reasoning.

What is Deep Learning (DL)?

Deep learning (DL) is a branch of Machine Learning where algorithms are made up of several layers of neurons to mimic the structure of the brain. Deep Learning is a super-specific category of Machine Learning and includes models like BERT, GPT-3 and Transformers.

Here’s a helpful way to visualise the difference between AI, Machine Learning and Deep Learning:

ai-ml-dl-diagram